21 Blackjack Rules

The following article is written for those who want to grasp an understanding of 21 Blackjack rules. The main objective in blackjack is to get a hand as close to 21 as possible, without exceeding that number. Your only opponent is the dealer. The one who comes closest to 21 wins the hand. Whoever exceeds 21 loses the hand.

Each card bearing a number represents the number of corresponding points, each “face card” (Jack, Queen, King, Ace) is worth 10 points and the Ace is worth either 1 point or 11 points according to your choice. After the initial distribution of cards, players can draw as many cards as they want to come closer to 21.

If a player exceeds 21 his hand has “bust”, the dealer wins the hand and takes the bet of the player no matter what. Even if the dealer goes over 21 then, it’s still the player who loses. If the dealer and the player are equal, it is a “push” and the player receives back his stake.

If a player receives an ace and a face card, the hand totals 21 and this is called a “blackjack”. A blackjack gives the player an automatic win unless the dealer also receives blackjack. In the latter case, there is a “tie” or “push”. The casinos typically pay the blackjack 3:2. For example, if a player bets $ 10 on a blackjack hand and obtains one, he will earn $ 15 instead of $ 10.

The Course of the Game

The casino croupiers usually distribute their cards from a wooden box called a “shoe” which can contain from 6 to 8 decks of cards, while the online casinos use a constant mixing of the cards to distribute from a shoe where the card games extend to infinity. These methods are used to prevent cheating and to make life difficult for card counters.

The dealer distributes two cards face up to the players and the dealer has one card face up and one card face down. In a land based casino, players are not allowed to touch their cards, but in private clubs or parties with friends, players often receive their two cards face down and they may check to see the value of their hand.

After the cards are dealt, the players turn begins. Each player may draw as many cards he wants to try to get closer to 21 without exceeding this score.

Available decisions in blackjack

21 Blackjack Rules in the casino. You will find below all the actions you can take in blackjack. These actions can help you increase your profits and reduce your losses. Taking insurance is generally not a good thing, but other decisions such as double, split and hit can give an advantage to the player:

* “Hit”. When you request for another card from the dealer to try to improve your hand, you “draw” a card. You can also say “Hit! to the dealer receive an additional card.
* “Stand” (also “Stick” or “Stay”). If you are satisfied with your hand and you no longer wish to receive another card, you can choose to “Stand”.
* “Split”. This option allows you to split two cards of the same value into two hands of blackjack. When you split, you must place a second bet equal to the initial bet on the table.
* “Double Down”. If the first two cards have put you in a favorable situation, you can choose to double your initial bet. You will then only take a single card to improve your hand.
* “Insurance”. If the first card the dealer is distributed is an Ace, you can take insurance by paying half your original bet. If the dealer reaches his blackjack, you lose your original bet but you receive the insurance that usually amounts to 2:1. If the dealer does not have blackjack, you lose your insurance but you can still win your original hand. Never take insurance if you do not count cards, as this is not usually a good bet.
* “Surrender”. The casinos of Las Vegas and some European casinos allow you to surrender and lose half your original bet if you feel you are in a bad position against the dealer.

“Hard” and “Soft” hands in blackjack

“Hard” hands are hands whose value is fixed, i.e. it does not consist of a hand with an ACE. -8, as Queen totaled 18 points and its value can be changed. A hand like Queen-8 total 18 points and its value cannot be changed. The ‘Soft’ hands are composed of an ACE and their value is changeable. For example, an ACE-8 can be either 9 or 19.

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